A recent study has revealed that around 62% of Spanish workers admit to having more stress than last year. The situation of economic crisis, which has generated a feeling of great uncertainty about the future, and that encourages even active workers not to feel safe in their jobs, is probably the main reason why the level has increased. of stress.
Therefore, the experts of the Spanish Association of Specialists in Occupational Medicine (AEEMT) have warned that it is necessary that both medical professionals and companies follow effective guidelines to detect and address stress in the workplace that, in their opinion, could become a real epidemic in the next decade.
In Spain only 26% of companies have adopted measures to prevent stress
Suffering stress at work is not something new, however, the current situation of insecurity multiplies the anxiety. In addition, the number of sick leave has also decreased, probably because of fear of losing work, so that more and more people with a high level of stress continue to work and, consequently, also increase cases of chronic stress.
Dr. Miguel Casas, psychologist and director of BH Consulting, which specializes in behavioral health for companies, stresses that continued stress is currently the second cause of work disability, behind muscle problems. In addition to affecting the emotional well-being of the person, and cause depression and sleep disorders, work stress can also somatize and promote the appearance of pathologies such as hypertension, migraine, heart disease, type 2 diabetes, a greater propensity to get infections, and so on.
However, in Spain only 26% of companies have adopted measures to prevent stress. In this regard, Dr. Clara Guillén, member of the AEEMT and specialist in occupational diseases, explains that it is necessary to detect the disorder early and adapt the treatment to the characteristics of the affected person and of his / her job. It is not only important to identify what is the cause of your stress, but also to assess the perception that that person has of the problem and the consequences it may have on their health.
Specialists advocate raising awareness among human resources and occupational risk prevention departments so that they can establish appropriate measures, since in addition to affecting the health of their employees, chronic stress implies a loss of productivity that has a negative impact on the interests of the company. They propose a comprehensive approach to effectively control stress, with behavioral and psychological techniques, and using pharmacological treatment when necessary, always bearing in mind that certain medications, such as anxiolytics and antidepressants, can cause dependence, so they should only be taken under medical prescription.
Source: Spanish Association of Specialists in Occupational Medicine (AEEMT)