Vaginal infections are the most common reason for gynecological consultations. It is estimated that up to eight out of ten women go to their gynecologist for problems related to this type of infection. The alteration of the vaginal discharge, sensation of burning in the vulva or the vagina, or having the vulva red lips and hypersensitive are some of the most characteristic symptoms of this type of problems.

"The causes of this problem can be derived from an imbalance in the vaginal flora, which can lead to pathologies such as bacterial vaginosis -The most common type of vaginal infection- or candidiasis, which is the second cause of vaginitis in women of childbearing age and adolescents, "explains Dr. Ana Rosa Jurado, a physician and sexologist, member of the probiotic group of the Spanish Association for the Study of Menopause and Secretary of the Sexology working group of SEMERGEN.

On the other hand, in holiday periods such as Easter, getaways to the beach or the pool can favor the imbalance and the appearance of infections due, among other factors, to the wetness of the swimsuit.

Recommended treatments

It is usual to treat the infection through vaginal ovules and creams that are applied to the vulva. Local antifungals or bactericides are usually effective and easy to use, but fail to restore lost vaginal balance. This problem is supplemented with vaginal probiotic preparations, which contain lactobacilli, and which are a good therapeutic complement.

However, not all preparations are effective. It is important that they contain the appropriate lactobacilli strains for greater efficacy. Lactobacilli are probiotics used to restore the balance of the vaginal flora and have antiallergic, anti-inflammatory and defensive effects. In the case of bacterial vaginitis, it is demonstrated that the strains of lactobacillus - L. rhamnosus Y L. gasseri - They have properties in the regeneration and maintenance of a healthy vaginal flora, besides being the most indicated to avoid colonization and infection by candida albicans - a third of the vaginitis are due to fungi.

"One of the most frequent problems with which we find ourselves, both women who suffer from it and medical professionals, when treating this type of infection, is the recurrence of the disease (even after adequate treatment), since that once the vaginal flora has been altered, it is difficult to restore it and the recurrence of vaginitis is frequent, "says Dr. Jurado.

Finally, it must be borne in mind that many of these infections require treatment as a couple, since the man may also be infected and if he does not perform the treatment, he is more likely to suffer recurrences.

If you want to know more about how to take care of your intimate hygiene read our special, where you will find tips and recommendations for your day to day.

Source: Solutions in feminine

HPV & Cancer (November 2019).