Ophthalmologists warn that the increase in solar radiation and the time we spend outdoors at this time of year could damage our eyes and eyelids irreversibly if we do not take adequate precautions. Not protecting the eyes from ultraviolet (UV) rays can have serious long-term consequences such as eyelid cancer, retinitis, cataracts, canalicular stenosis, burns, and Pterygium, a condition in which the conjunctiva tissue grows irregularly. on the cornea.

The 'Skin Cancer Foundation' estimates that 10% of all skin cancers occur in the eyelids and ocular orbit, and as they appear in the form of a bulge or wart with a benign appearance, those affected do not usually give importance and When they go to the doctor, the tumor is already very extended inwards. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that in recent years the incidence of these tumors has increased by 3% and that two million cases are diagnosed annually.

10% of all skin cancers occur in the eyelids and ocular orbit; its appearance is usually benign, so those affected do not give importance and when they go to the doctor the tumor has already spread to the interior

The decrease in ozone layer It further accentuates the risks that exposure to solar radiation implies for visual health, according to data from a study conducted by researchers at the University of Pennsylvania, in the United States, which was published last February in the journal 'Retina'.

The Spanish Meteorological Agency warned in June that maximum levels of ultraviolet radiation country had been reached -between 10 and 11 points of a table whose values ​​range from 1 to 11- in many areas of our country.

The medical director of the Rementería Foundation, Dr. Javier Hurtado, points out that many Spaniards do not take preventive measures against solar radiation, something that is necessary throughout the year, and is essential in summer. The specialists of the Rementería Foundation advise avoiding direct exposure to the sun, wearing appropriate sunglasses, putting on hats or hats that provide shade to the eyes and applying cream -with a sun protection factor of 15 or higher- around the eyes.

Source: Rementería Foundation

UV Radiation and Eye Health (November 2019).