Experts warn that a significant percentage of cases of head and neck cancer are due to human papilloma virus (HPV), so they recommend extending the universal vaccination against HPV to all children, because this would eliminate this risk factor that predisposes to develop this type of tumors.

Specialists from the Spanish Group for Treatment of Head and Neck Tumors (TTCC) advocate extending the vaccine to all children, whether boys or girls, because they hope that this measure could reduce the incidence of head and neck tumors. In Spain there are 37,000 patients with this type of cancer and, each year, 13,000 new cases are diagnosed in our country.

Vaccinating all children against HPV could reduce the incidence of certain tumors, such as cancer of the head and neck and cancer of the anus

Dr. Yolanda Escobar, a member of the TTCC and a medical oncologist at the Gregorio Marañón Hospital in Madrid, has indicated that extending vaccination against HPV, although expensive, could be "socio-efficient". And he explains that this prophylactic measure would prevent men from becoming infected through oral and anal sex.

The anal cancer It is also a type of neoplasia, whose incidence is increasing among young gay men, which has been linked to HPV. In particular, the association of HIV - which alone does not cause cancer - with HPV, multiplies the chances of developing anal cancer. This is because the AIDS virus weakens the immune system and makes it unable to defend itself against other viruses, such as HPV, so infection of the papillomavirus in a seropositive increases the risk of anal cancer; In fact, it is the fourth most frequent tumor among HIV carriers.

Therefore, specialists also recommend the HPV vaccine as a preventive measure for men who have sex with other men, and consider that vaccinate children, before their first sexual intercourse as in the case of girls, would be very effective to eradicate this virus.

February 2015 ACIP- Human Papillomavirus (HPV) Vaccine (November 2019).