Themicroaxial phacoemulsification is a type of surgery that uses microincision techniques with a high level of precision, which is used to operate cataracts, and has just been incorporated into the Ophthalmology Unit of the Virgen del Rocío Hospital in Seville.
This microsurgery allows, by means of an incision of only 2.2 millimeters, to undo and aspirate the lens -what is known as phacoemulsification-, to then introduce the intraocular lens that returns the view to the patient undergoing surgery.
It is a new technique that minimizes the complications that may arise after surgery, and which may benefit around 3,500 patients each year, according to estimates in the hospital itself.
Dr. Juan Ramón Del Trigo, ophthalmologist at the hospital center explained that microincision has the property of decreasing the inflammatory process that occurs naturally in any surgical intervention, and that as the aggression suffered by the eye is less, the patient recovers before the sight. In addition, adds this specialist, it is also possible to reduce the risk of developing an infection as a result of surgery, as is the case of endophthalmitis.
According to Dr. Del Trigo, thanks to the new technique, astigmatism is less likely to be induced because the damage to the patient's cornea is less and its focused function is less affected.
The ophthalmological surgery has advanced a lot and in the last two decades the incision that was practiced to operate the cataracts has decreased no less than five millimeters -from seven to two millimeters-, which has allowed to incorporate the technique of microaxial phacoemulsification.
Photo: EP / JUNTADEANDALUCIA