Four out of ten Spaniards have difficulty falling asleep, and more than 50% of those who suffer from insomnia say that the unemployment and economic difficulties are the primary reasons that take away the dream, according to the data obtained with a survey carried out by the Research Center on Phytotherapy (INFITO), which has collected the testimony of more than two thousand people.
Seven out of ten participants, in addition, consider that medicinal plants are a help at the time of falling asleep, and almost 75% of the respondents opt for pharmaceutical products of plant origin against synthetic.
Other methods that Spanish people use to relax and sleep better are: watching television (60%), listening to music (20%), reading a book (8%), and having sex or taking a sleeping pill (5%).
The people most affected by insomnia are women, especially housewives, and the unemployed, although the reasons for losing sleep are different according to the population group
Women are the most affected by insomnia, especially housewives and the unemployed. Unemployment is what most worries those who have been left without work, but also for people who are in the range of between 30 and 39 years (41%) or between 40 and 49 years (37%), and for the self-employed (37%). The latter are also among those most affected by another sleeplessness, the lack of economic resources (35%), followed by those between 30 and 39 years old (33%) and by women (25%).
Health is another issue that takes away sleep, especially elderly people and retirees (40%), as well as women (37%).
In the case of young people between 18 and 29 years old, almost half confess to going to bed later than the account to stay to watch TV (21%) or use the computer (17%), which alters their circadian rhythms and harms the quality of sleep.
What the experts say
The specialists insist that in order to recover a regular and pleasant sleep, the first thing to do is establish appropriate habits. Practicing physical exercise (although never before going to bed) is essential, as well as having a fixed time to go to bed and also to get up and, of course, avoid stimulants such as caffeine, alcohol or nicotine. Dr. Rosa Peraita, head of the Sleep Unit of the Gregorio Marañón General University Hospital in Madrid, recommends to follow a cognitive-behavioral therapy if necessary, or to consume medicinal plants available in pharmacies. Sometimes it is necessary to prescribe a treatment with hypnotics, but the expert warns that they can cause withdrawal symptoms when their administration is suppressed, so it advises to opt for natural products whenever possible.
Concha Navarro, Professor of Pharmacology at the University of Granada and president of INFITO, states that preparations of medicinal plants sold in pharmacies, which are especially recommended to treat cases of transient insomnia, are safe and can be used for a long time. time without presenting adverse effects. Among these products stand out the well-known valerian, which decreases anxiety and facilitates the conciliation of sleep, California Poppy, which has similar effects, and the passionflower, which intervenes on the phases of deep sleep, prolonging them, and thus preventing the patient from waking up during the night.