A European study that was launched in 2008 and has not yet concluded, reveals that nutrition during pregnancy and the type of child's diet In their first years of life, they can determine the cognitive development and behavior of the child.
The research has analyzed the effect on children's cognitive, emotional and behavioral development of the intake of vitamins such as folic acid, omega 3 fatty acids, proteins, micronutrients such as iron and iodine and breastfeeding, both during pregnancy-in this case it is the mother's diet-as after birth, and up to nine years of age.
In the project, called NUTRIMENTHE, and directed by Cristina Campoy, researcher at the University of Granada, are collaborating more than 17,000 mothers and 18,000 children from various regions of Europe, who are being conducted epidemiological, intervention and nutrition studies in different European research centers.
Studies have shown that iodine intake improves the reading ability of nine-year-old children who have been evaluated
The objective of this project is to establish a solid scientific basis to develop nutritional recommendations aimed at pregnant women and mothers with young children to improve the cognitive development of young children and prevent the onset of behavioral disorders.
The studies carried out so far have shown that the intake of folic acid during the first trimester of pregnancy can reduce the risk of behavioral problems during childhood, and that the consumption of fish, in addition to providing omega 3 fatty acids that are beneficial for the brain has other advantages, since it is rich in iodine, a micronutrient that exerts a positive effect on the reading ability of nine-year-old children who have been evaluated.
Cristina Campoy explained that long-term studies are necessary to identify the real influence of nutrition in the first years of life, since the brain needs a long time to develop and there are other factors that can influence the cognitive development of children , such as the age of the parents or their educational and socioeconomic level, in addition to the mother-child genetic base.