The 'Madrid Resolution', which has been presented in the framework of the III Global Conference of the World Health Organization (WHO), held in Madrid, aims to extend the Spanish model to the rest of the world and eradicate the trade in organs, which violates fundamental human rights. The WHO calculates that between 5 and 10% of the transplants performed annually in the world involve some type of commercialization.
Transplantation is the best alternative for patients with advanced renal failure, and the only possible treatment for many patients with severe dysfunction of other organs, so the document emphasizes that to avoid trade in human organs, self-sufficiency in donation of organs is necessary. organs and transplants.
To achieve this self-sufficiency, it is necessary to instill the idea that organ donation, as explained by José Martínez Olmos, general secretary of Health, is an act that transcends solidarity and material generosity because it saves lives.
The WHO also reminds that not only is it necessary to increase the number of available organs, but it is also necessary to establish prevention campaigns against those diseases that, like diabetes and hypertension, may require a transplant in the future.
European directive on transplants
The European Union, meanwhile, also prepares a directive on organ transplants to match the number of donations to the most advantaged countries in this area, such as Spain, where the rate of donations (34.4 donors per million inhabitants) it is almost twice the average across the EU (18.1 donors per million population).
The chairman of the Committee on Environment, Public Health and Food Safety of the European Parliament, Jo Leinen, highlights the urgency of this measure because in the EU there are around 60,000 citizens waiting for a transplant, and every day about 12 people die for not finding a solution to his illness.
With respect to donations of live, are led by the Scandinavian countries (Sweden, Denmark or Norway), the United Kingdom and the Netherlands, where they reach a percentage of 40% of the donations that, if extended to the rest of European countries, would serve to reduce the need for dialysis of about 2,000 people per year.
In Spain, donations of live kidney have gone from 156 in 2008 to 235 in 2009. In October 2009, the figure of the Good samaritan, a person who offers an organ, voluntarily and without profit motive, to the patient on the waiting list to whom he / she may most benefit. This type of donation had been rejected in Spain during the 1980s for fear of hiding economic interests; however, Rafael Matesanz, president of the National Transplant Organization (ONT), points out that currently the risk of donating a kidney is much lower, and that Spanish legislation offers sufficient guarantees to avoid the occurrence of covert marketing in living donation.