Researchers from the Spanish Society of Pneumology and Thoracic Surgery (SEPAR) advise increasing the rations of vegetables and fruits on children's winter menus to avoid colds, flu, pneumonia, and so on.
One of the most frequent causes of pediatric hospitalization is respiratory infections (colds, flu, pneumonia, bronchopneumonia, constipation ...), resulting in a high number of consultations, both in primary care and in the emergency room.
Children are often affected by different types of viruses such as respiratory syncytial virus that affects approximately 85% of children under two years of age, causing more than half of hospitalizations due to bronchiolitis (respiratory disease that causes flow obstruction). air due to inflammation of the airways). Therefore, it is very important that sufficient quantities of fruits and vegetables rich in vitamin C are ingested, as is the case of citrus fruits (oranges, tangerines, lemons, grapefruit), tomatoes, apples, potatoes, strawberries ...
The pediatric pulmonologist Amparo Escribano, establishes a series of recommendations to follow to prevent respiratory infections, such as:
- Wash hands frequently.
- Avoid touching common elements, such as glasses, plates, toys ..., you have to wash and disinfect them when necessary.
- Try not to stay in enclosed spaces with lots of people.
- It is not advisable to have the heating very high, because it dries the environment and the respiratory tract; it is better to keep the home warm so that the body uses its regulating mechanisms to adapt to low temperatures.
- Ventilate regularly the spaces where the child is.
- Shelter children well to minimize the effect of sudden changes in temperature.