The autonomous communities of southern Spain are the most affected by the advance of the plague of the tick, as told to Europa Press by Agustín Estrada, professor of Parasitic diseases of the Faculty of Veterinary of the University of Zaragoza (UZ) and president of the Organizing Committee of the VII Congress of Ticks and Transmitted Pathogens.
The teacher explained that the increase in temperatures in autumn and winter due to climate change and the Africanization of the climate of the Mediterranean Europe They have increased the exposure of our country to this plague, especially in the southern zone.
Although "we do not have good data" in Spain because "nobody has ever been interested in ticks and have not been sampled," Agustín Estrada explained that ticks are present throughout Spain up to altitudes of between 900 and 1,000 meters, and are abundant in part of the Cantabrian cornice, in addition to the south.
The professor of the UZ has warned that "they are becoming more abundant, with the public and animal health problems they can bring". Thus, he has recommended to the Health Administration to carry out studies on "what we have, where we have it and why it is there", to report "without alarmisms" and to inform the public about the measures to be taken to prevent their appearance and eradicate them.
Agustín Estrada has pointed out that these arthropods transmit the Lyme's desease, the Crimean hemorrhagic fever and the ricketsiosis, causing "hundreds of cases a year" in Spain, which constitutes "a public health problem", although "they are not deadly processes", has qualified. The problem is that it causes "some disability" and the health costs of healing.
Ticks are seen "at a glance", they can be detected by the appearance of a red dot on the body, and extracted with tweezers
Ticks are seen "at a glance", they can be detected by the appearance of a red dot on the body and extracted with tweezers. Estrada has recommended all hikers and mountain athletes to return home to examine their clothes and skin to remove them. "There is no chemical remedy" to eradicate them, he has warned.
The president of the VII Congress of Ticks has indicated that colonies of arthropods have surpassed the threshold of the South of Scandinavia, which was "the limit zone" of Northern Europe. Ticks have risen three or four degrees of latitude compared to previous times.
This is the first time that Spain hosts the Garrapatas Congress, which has been held three times in Europe and has had other venues, such as Argentina, the United States and South Africa.