The Nobel Prize in Medicine in 1993, Richard Roberts, advises farmers, after the outbreak of E. coli in Germany, "that do not use so many antibiotics", since, as he explained, they use them with the "idea of improving the productivity" of the animals, but "what they do is resistance" of the bacteria to these drugs.
At a press conference on the occasion of his participation in the ConCiencia Program of the University of Santiago (USC), Roberts commented that the problem at present is "how farmers use antibiotics" because "they use small amounts with the idea of improving the productivity of the animals and, in this way, make the bacteria resistant to the antibiotics ", which causes fragments of DNA that "carry that resistant information are distributed everywhere".
After specifying that he does not know the details in relation to the origin of the alert, he has recognized that it is "very difficult" in general to know "where this type of bacteria comes from" such as E. coli, because "bacteria come from everywhere; some are good and others are bad, "he stressed, adding that" most of the time the good overcome the bad and, in some cases, the bad do damage. "
To fight against bacteria like E. coliRoberts has encouraged people to look for ways to "find new antibiotics" and to use public resources in research and to offer "incentives to private industry", and has recommended that existing antibiotics be used "with caution and wisely "
The key is to share information
There will always be epidemics of influenza, "the key is to share information" to fight them
Roberts has commented that in the agri-food industry "there are problems" but "not very serious" and has admitted that, in his opinion, "probably" can not be avoided. "They will always have epidemics of influenza," he warned, in relation to the recent swine and avian crises, so he insists that "the key is to share information" to fight them.
"In the past it was a problem that some countries did not want to be identified as the source of the problem, when you hide information, the world does not have time to prepare properly," he said.
In the specific field of agriculture, he points out that "the essential thing" is that the approved regulations "are met", and admits that "in many cases the surprise is that we do not have more problems".
The scientist has stressed that sharing information between countries contributes to being "reasonably prepared for these epidemics", but that "if people hide it, there will be problems", and denounces that "countries are not sharing the information they should and they are late. "
In this regard, he recalled that in the past China was one of the "slowest" countries in sharing information, but now it does, while Mexico is not "very good" at this.