Specialists meeting at the LXXVII National Congress of the Spanish Association of Urology (AEU), have warned of the increase in cases of nephrolithiasis - one of the main causes of nephritic colic - among young adults (around 30 years old).

Renal lithiasis consists of the formation of stones - or stones - in the kidney, which are generated from substances found in the urine, and which may have a different composition. The most frequent are those of calcium oxalate, but specialists say that uric acid stones are increasing as a result of changes in the dietary habits of the population, especially among the youngest.

In Spain, more than two million people have kidney stones, and 30% of those affected need treatment to expel them.

It is estimated that 325,079 new cases of renal lithiasis are diagnosed each year in our country, while the prevalence of this disorder is around 5%, which means that more than two million people have kidney stones. In addition, 30% of those affected will need treatment to expel them from the kidney. Dr. Juan Antonio Galán, coordinator of the Lithiasis Group of the AEU, notes that lithiasis affects men more between 30 and 50 years, although it is more frequent between 29 and 32 years.

The specialists attribute the increase of the number of people who develop calculations to the variations in the feeding, and especially to the substitution of the Mediterranean diet for what is known as 'fast food', an inadequate habit to which also they make responsible for the increase of the overweight and obesity in our country. Therefore, to prevent the appearance of stones advise to eat an adequate amount of liquid, between two and two and a half liters a day, follow a varied and balanced diet, including fruits and fiber, avoid excess salt and protein, and perform physical exercise.

Regarding the treatment of this condition, Dr. Galán explains that it is very important that people with lithiasis are treated in centers that have all the possible therapeutic options to offer each patient the most appropriate assistance depending on their characteristics. And he adds that in these centers should also perform metabolic studies and analyze the patient's stones, in order to establish preventive measures to prevent it from suffering new episodes of lithiasis.

Source: Spanish Association of Urology

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