The transmission of HIV, which continues to increase, and the development of drug-resistant microbes, including the bacterium Echerichia coli, which is increasingly less susceptible to the action of antimicrobial drugs, in addition to the increase in the incidence of tuberculosis and outbreaks of measles, are among the public health problems that most concern European governments
According to the data collected by the Annual Epidemiological Report 2011 presented last week by the European Center for Disease Control and Prevention (ECDC), HIV infection is a serious public health problem in Europe, and continues to be transmitted mainly through sexual relations between men, although a 24 % is due to heterosexual relationships, and up to 5% consumption of drugs parenterally.
The AIDS diagnoses, however, have registered a significant decrease, since they have been reduced to 50% between 2004 and 2009, thanks to the efficacy of the new treatments and to the fact that the population has easier access to them.
Chlamydia stands out as the most frequent sexually transmitted disease in Europe, which has doubled its prevalence in the last ten years
In 2009, chlamydia stands out as the most frequent sexually transmitted disease in Europe, which has doubled its prevalence in the last ten years, and this despite the fact that experts warn that it is a pathology that is underdiagnosed. Three out of four affected are under 25 years old.
Microbes with broad resistance to drugs are another concern in Europe, and that is that in half of the countries analyzed, for example, 10% of cases of K. pneumoniae multiresistant. The ECDC advises, in this regard, that systems be strengthened to control infections and that antibiotics be used with caution, and only in those cases where they are effective.
Tuberculosis and measles outbreaks
In Europe there are 80,000 new cases of tuberculosis every year, so this pathology is still considered a common infection, and some countries, such as the United Kingdom, have suffered an increase in the number of people affected.
The pathologies that can be prevented thanks to vaccines, in general, have decreased their incidence rate, or this has remained stable since 2009, with the exception of measles, which presented a significant increase in the number of cases in 2010. same as what happened with mumps in 2009.
Salmonellosis and infections caused by Campylobacter they are the most frequent gastrointestinal pathologies in Europe, and the report points out some cases of uncommon gastrointestinal infections, such as brucellosis, in Spain, Portugal or Greece, which have been linked to a work activity that includes contact with animals in the field. In 2010, the first autochthonous case, since 1961, was detected in Spain as well. Plasmodium vivax.