The European Union has requested that all girls between the ages of 10 and 14 years be immunized against human papillomavirus, before the onset of sexual intercourse, based on the safety and good results of this vaccine. avoid the appearance of this virus, which can lead to cervical cancer.
The two currently available vaccines act against six types of papillomavirus, so that screening tests (cytology or Pap test) are still necessary after vaccination. However, getting vaccinated significantly reduces the risks, and efforts are being made to extend vaccination campaigns to men as well.
The European Center for Disease Control advises to vaccinate all girls between 10 and 14 years old against human papillomavirus, before the beginning of sexual intercourse
Each year about 15,000 women die in the European Union as a result of gynecological cancers caused by the human papillomavirus. Despite the benefits offered by the vaccine, and that its safety has been proven, a report from the European Center for Disease Control (ECDC) indicates that the coverage of this vaccine is still insufficient in the 19 countries where the vaccine is available. has evaluated.
With respect to the vaccination of children, currently the ECDC does not consider it an effective cost, although more studies are needed, since administering the vaccine also to boys would protect them against cancer of the penis, cancer of the anus and cancer. cancer of the oral cavity and, in addition, it would prevent that they transmitted the virus to the women with whom they maintained sexual relations. In the United States, the American Medicines Agency (FDA) approved the tetravalent vaccine against virus types 6, 11, 16 and 18, for both women and men, aged between 9 and 26 years.