Obesity, both in adults and children, has become a serious health problem worldwide, which has prompted health authorities to try to find effective strategies to combat it.

Specialists gathered in the Workshop 'FAQs on obesity: are there new answers?' Have proposed addressing this pathology with what they have called 'energy balance', Which is based on properly combining food intake with the energy expenditure that occurs as a result of physical activity performed by the individual, with the aim of avoiding or reducing the accumulation of body fat.

The 'energy balance' consists in an adequate correlation between food intake and energy expenditure as a strategy to avoid obesity

The Workshop - organized by the Ibero-American Nutrition Foundation (FINUT), the Royal Academy of Medicine of Zaragoza and the University of Zaragoza, with the participation of Coca-Cola Spain-, aims to investigate new strategies for early detection, prevention and the treatment of obesity.

One of the issues that will be discussed in this workshop will be whether it is the excessive consumption of food or the lack of physical activity that most influences the development of obesity. And this is where the concept of 'energy balance' comes in, which establishes an adequate correlation between intake and energy expenditure.

Obesity has traditionally been associated with diets that are too abundant or inappropriate, either because of the amount of food or because they include very caloric or unhealthy foods. Although specialists continue to recommend the Mediterranean diet and the restriction of trans fats, sugars, and all those products that only provide empty calories, such as soft drinks, they increasingly insist on the need for physical exercise, not just to maintain a healthy diet. adequate weight, but to prevent numerous diseases.

In this regard, they propose that both children and adolescents practice moderate to intense physical exercise, according to their age and characteristics, as one of the best ways to avoid childhood obesity. And is that according to the HELENA study ('Healthy Lifestyle in Europe by Nutrition in Adolescence') adolescents in southern Europe are much more sedentary than those in the center-north of the continent, which may be one of the reasons why the Obesity prevalence is higher in southern countries.

For this reason, Dr. Francisco B. Ortega, Ramón y Cajal Researcher at the Faculty of Sports Sciences in Granada, highlights the importance of early identification of risk factors that can be modified to prevent minors from becoming obese, and points out the physical activity as one of the public health tools with the greatest potential.

Source: Ibero-American Nutrition Foundation

How Does Exercise Impact Weight Loss? (November 2019).