It is estimated that about 250,000 are carried out annually hair transplants in the world, according to data from the International Society of Hair Restoration Surgery. In Spain, the use of this technique has tripled in the last decade, in both men and women.
Dr. Víctor Salagaray, specialist of the Svenson clinic, attributes this increase to 'Bonus effect', a story spread by the press in 2009, when it was speculated that the politician José Bono, current president of the Congress of Deputies, had undergone this treatment to correct alopecia.
The capillary micrografting is a painless surgical procedure, with a definitive result, which allows the patient to recover their own hair, and is especially indicated in those cases in which the treatments, cosmetic or medical, were not administered on time, or did not have the necessary effectiveness. Salagaray clarifies that almost 93% of capillary micrografts are performed on the scalp, although the trend is that these procedures are increasingly used in other areas of the body.
The expert explains that this intervention is carried out preferably in men, although more and more women demand it. Currently, approximately 70% of people who want to undergo a micrograft intervention are men, while the number of women has increased by almost 30%. Regarding the profile of the patients, 92% of the men who request the intervention are under 54 years of age, while in the case of women, in 67% of the cases they are over 35 years old.
These differences, says the specialist, are probably due to the fact that now men are more concerned about their physical appearance and prefer to prevent the onset of the disorder, so, as soon as they observe that there is a significant loss of hair, consult a professional; while, in the case of women, the shortage of hair is less noticeable and, therefore, take longer to go. Regarding the results achieved, Salagaray affirms that women tend to be more satisfied than men, and attributes it to the importance for them of solving a problem they consider important.
As for the areas where micrografts are requested most frequently, the main one is the scalp, followed by eyebrows (3.4%), the face (mustache, beard and sideburns) (1.5%), the pubic area (0.4%) and the thorax (0.2%).
The result of the capillary graft, visible in six months
The micrograft is a procedure in which the patient's own hair is used, which has previously been extracted from areas where there is no risk of losing this hair, to cover areas where hair has already begun to become scarce. When grafting the new hair, it follows the same direction as the original, so the result is very natural.
The procedure is performed under local anesthesia, and the patient passes the postoperative at home. Currently they are employed Two techniques: the one IT WAS, in which the follicular unit is removed one by one, and that of the Strip that contains more than one root in a strip of skin. Salagaray explains that the Strip technique is the most used although the choice depends on the needs of the patient.
In just three months the grafted hair will begin to grow; after six months a partial result will be achieved; and it takes between nine months and a year to observe the effectiveness of the treatment. The doctor warns that the patient may require more than one intervention, and adds that first an adequate diagnosis is necessary to confirm that the intervention is possible, since it is not indicated in all types of alopecia.
In 2010 700 operations were carried out, and this year the Svenson clinic expects to perform 900. Therefore, Salagaray believes that the economic crisis does not influence this type of intervention, for which there is even a waiting list.
Source: EUROPE PRESS