Cardiology specialists who have recently attended the First SemFYC-SEC Joint Meeting, held in Alicante, warn that the majority of patients who have suffered an ischemic accident do not adequately control the main cardiovascular risk factors. In fact, according to the president of the Spanish Society of Cardiology (SEC), Dr. Vicente Bertomeu, the latest data that is handled in this regard indicate that less than 20 percent of these patients have a good control of all these risk factors.

Experts insist that the best prevention, both in the case of these patients, and in the rest of the population, is based on controlling pathologies directly related to the onset of cardiovascular diseases such as hypertension, diabetes or hypercholesterolemia, and modify the lifestyle when necessary, following a balanced diet, practicing physical exercise regularly and abandoning the use of tobacco.

Sedentary lifestyle, overweight, smoking, and inadequate nutrition are the main impediments to correctly manage cardiovascular risk factors

Dr. Bertomeu explains that ischemic patients have a higher risk of suffering a relapse and, therefore, they have to strictly comply with the instructions of their doctor and, above all, follow the treatment with the prescribed doses in each case to be can achieve therapeutic goals. And notes that sedentary lifestyle, overweight, smoking and inadequate food (with excess carbohydrates and ready meals), along with the lack of awareness of the population about the need to adopt a healthy lifestyle, are the main impediments to correctly manage cardiovascular risk factors.

A study conducted at European level -EURIKA- that analyzes data obtained in primary care has found that in a high percentage of patients treated for various pathologies, good control of the disease is not achieved. Thus, only in 38% of hypertensive patients and in 36.7% of diabetics who undergo treatment are the therapeutic objectives pursued. In the opinion of Dr. Bertomeu, the results of this study show that cardiovascular diseases will increase their incidence in the coming years.

Halving Global Cardiovascular Disease Mortality (November 2019).