A study from the University of Illinois (United States) has discovered bacteria related to early childhood caries (ECC) in children's saliva, so pay attention to the oral hygiene of babies is fundamental to prevent this infection.

The study's principal investigator, Kelly Swanson, states that 40% of children who come to the nursery for the first time, have dental caries, a condition that, according to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, is the most infectious pathology. prevalent among children residing in the United States. Swanson adds that caries affects especially children whose families have a low socioeconomic level, and a lower level of education, and who also follow a diet high in sugar. These factors make them 32 times more likely to develop the disease.

Most studies on the incidence of caries are based on children who are in daycare or preschool, and who already have the infection; however, Swanson's research focused his interest on babies whose teeth had not yet developed.

The best prophylactic strategy to prevent cavities is to teach parents how to properly perform their babies' oral hygiene, and which foods are least harmful

And, as the researcher explains, it was thought that teeth appeared between 19 and 33 months, when the truth is that this happens much earlier and, for this reason, and following the suggestion of the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, It is very important that parents do not give babies fermented drinks with sugars and clean their gums to prevent the appearance of decay later on.

In fact, the expert believes that the best prophylactic strategy to avoid tooth decay is to teach parents how to properly perform oral hygiene of their babies, and what foods are less harmful.

The scientists who participated in the study found that there was a great diversity of oral bacteria in children without teeth, many more than initially expected, and managed to identify hundreds of species.

The expert believes it is necessary to identify the characteristics of the microbial evolution that occurs in the mouth from the time the child is born to the eruption of the teeth, and to observe how the different types of food affect: breast or artificial breastfeeding, the passage from the liquid diet to solid foods, and variations in the nutrient profile.


What Lives Inside Your Mouth? (November 2019).