Recently, the IV Meeting of Vascular Surgeons of USP Hospitals took place, in which the impact of venous thromboembolic disease in pregnant women was analyzed. This problem arises as a result of the increase in estrogen levels that occurs during pregnancy, especially if it is associated with surgeries such as cesarean section.
Venous thrombosis is the occupation of the interior of a deep vein by a blood clot. It usually occurs in the lower extremities (legs or thighs).
For this reason, the surgeons gathered there recommend pregnant women to go to the gynecologist when they notice the appearance of varicose veins. This specialist can examine them to determine the type of varicose veins that affect them and the risk of suffering from thrombophlebitis (inflammation of the vein, when a clot is found inside), during pregnancy or in the puerperium (time that has elapsed since woman gives birth until she fully recovers from childbirth, usually lasts about 40 days). If deemed appropriate, the gynecologist will be responsible for referring the pregnant woman to a vascular surgeon.
It is estimated that two out of ten people who suffer a thrombosis of the deep venous system in the legs, will develop a venous insufficiency throughout their life. In the worst case, the most serious complication that can result from this disease is pulmonary embolism, which can cause death in 1-2% of cases.