Experts estimate that the incidence of stroke worldwide will increase in the coming years as a result of the aging of the population and that, of every six people, one will suffer a stroke at some point in their life.
World Stroke Day is celebrated on October 29, which aims to disseminate the knowledge of this disease, with the aim of learning to recognize its symptoms and the best way to prevent it. Stroke is a serious global health problem because it is the second cause of death for people over 60 years of age, and fifth for those whose age ranges between 15 and 59 years, according to the World Stroke Organization (Stroke). IMO).
The aging of the population, as a consequence of the increase in life expectancy, will further increase the mortality caused by this pathology, as well as the number of people who will suffer sequelae after suffering an episode (stroke is the main cause of disability in the world and the second one of dementia, after Alzheimer's). Experts warn highlight the importance of avoiding modifiable risk factors and learn to recognize the signs that reveal that a person is suffering an attack.
In Spain, stroke or cerebral infarction is already the main cause of death among the female population; women have their own risk factors such as pregnancy, postpartum and menopause, and in them the stroke usually occurs at older ages and the episodes are more serious.
How to prevent stroke
The risk of suffering a stroke can be reduced by avoiding modifiable risk factors. Control blood pressure and cholesterol levels, follow a balanced diet, low in fat, and avoid overweight, exercise regularly moderately, and do not smoke or use drugs, are some of the measures that can be implemented to reduce the incidence of this disease.
Immediate attention and early rehabilitation are essential to improve the quality of life of those affected, since 60% of those who survive need rehabilitation. Recognizing the signs of stroke is also vital because the sooner the patient is treated, the more likely it is to survive and to present fewer sequelae. Among the symptoms that can alert of a stroke:
- Sudden disturbance of sensation, or muscle weakness, on one side of the body.
- Difficulty speaking or understanding
- Alterations of the vision.
- Headache more intense than normal, which occurs suddenly and is sometimes accompanied by nausea and vomiting.
- Loss of consciousness, which can reach the coma if the attack is very serious.
- Lack of balance