The 'Revista Española de Cardiología', of the Spanish Society of Cardiology (SEC) has just published a Spanish research, carried out with more than 12,000 patients, whose results reveal that the habitual consumption of tobacco is one of the main causes of myocardial infarction in young people, since it multiplies by six the possibilities of suffering this disorder. In fact, as Dr. Eva Andrés, member of the Clinical Research and Epidemiology Unit of the University Hospital 12 de Octubre and one of the authors of the study, "about 75 percent of young patients who suffer a heart attack are smokers ".

"About 75 percent of young patients who have a heart attack are smokers"

In the study it was possible to see how in younger patients the cardiovascular risk profile was different from other patients who suffer from myocardial infarction. Thus, in the former, the risk factors are tobacco, present in 76.78% of cases, and dyslipidemia (excess fat in the blood), found in 50.21% of patients. While in the case of those over 46 years of age, the risk factors are more, but in a greater percentage: hypertension, in 47.72% of the patients; dyslipidemia, at 35.79 percent; the


Another relevant fact that the study shows is the high prevalence of premature infarction among men, since in Spain about 90 percent of myocardial infarctions that occur in people under 46 years of age occur in men. According to Dr. Andrés, this occurs because tobacco and dyslipidemia are much more prevalent in men, although, according to the doctor, "in the next few years the percentage will tend to be equalized between men and women, as these are increasingly more smokers ".

On the other hand, mortality due to an acute myocardial infarction in patients under 46 years of age is around 3 percent, but, according to this study, have a greater chance of reinfarction in the following eight years, around 13 percent. In this sense, Dr. Andrés points out that this group of patients "has a greater chance of surviving the infarction, although it usually reappears or eventually leads to chronic coronary disease."


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