The University of Navarra, with the collaboration of the Carlos III Health Institute, has conducted a study over more than four years, in which 7,500 people have participated, to assess the relationship between smoking and overweight. , two important cardiovascular risk factors.
The data obtained in the research, which have been published in the Spanish Journal of Cardiology, reveal that people who stopped smoking during the study gained weight: more than a kilo and a half in the case of men, and around a kilo women. However, the group of smokers also recorded a greater weight gain compared to those who had never smoked: approximately 1 kilo and a half for men and 0.36 kilos for women.
The director of this research, Dr. Miguel Ángel Martínez-González, Professor of Preventive Medicine at the University of Navarra, explains that smokers who get fat may have less willpower when it comes to avoiding attitudes and habits harmful to their health.
The fact that the study members who continued smoking will also gain weight, has surprised this specialist a lot. However, he considers that the fact that smokers who abandoned the habit gain weight, is an acceptable drawback in front of the damages that tobacco implies.
It is proven that smoking harms health, and tobacco is associated with numerous pathologies and is considered one of the main risk factors for developing cardiovascular diseases, especially because it predisposes to arteriosclerosis and facilitates the coagulation of blood, which favors the formation of thrombi that clog the arteries.
Symptoms associated with quitting smoking
When quitting smoking, a series of symptoms associated with a lack of nicotine are manifested, due to the fact that it is a drug that generates addiction and, when addicts to this substance are deprived of the usual dose, suffer anxiety, irritability, disorders digestive, dry mouth, general nervousness, and greater desire to eat and drink than usual, among other symptoms, which usually decrease in intensity as the weeks pass.
The benefits obtained by quitting tobacco are far superior to these discomforts, which are also temporary. From the beginning, the patient will feel a generalized improvement of his physical state that translates into:
- They refer to the daily annoyances associated with tobacco, such as cough, dark expectoration in the morning, stomach upsets, fatigue ...
- Breathe better
- Regain the sense of taste and smell.
- Signs of aging slow down
- Improves the control of blood pressure.
- Progressively decreases the risk of suffering from conditions caused by tobacco. Thus, one year after quitting, the risk of suffering a myocardial infarction or cerebral thrombosis is reduced by half.