Experts warn that the incidence of skin cancer, especially among people under 40 years of age and, especially, in women between the ages of 20 and 30. To explain this increase, detected in a study that has been carried out in the United States, at the Mayo Clinic in Rochester, Minnesota, the researchers point to the use of tanning booths, very widespread among the youngest female population and, also, to a mutation in the BRAF, NRAS and KIT genes.
The authors of the work reviewed a database in which were recorded cases of melanoma diagnosed to people between 18 and 39 years from 1970 to 2009, and found that the incidence of this type of skin cancer (the most aggressive) had increased eight times in women and four times in men during this period of time.
There are cases of skin cancer in areas of the body that are not exposed to the sun, such as behind the ears, or in the genitals
Despite the spread of numerous prevention campaigns, the truth is that in our country there has also been an increase in skin cancer, which, like in the United States, is more significant among young people and women.
Although US researchers blame the use of tanning booths in part, and point out that people who use them are 74 percent more likely to develop melanoma, they also note that skin cancers are occurring in areas of the body they are not exposed to the sun, such as behind the ears, or in the genitals, and this would be explained by the aforementioned mutations in the BRAF, NRAS and KIT genes.
In any case, specialists insist that in order to reduce the risk factors, in addition to going periodically to the dermatologist to undergo a revision -especially when new lesions or changes in the skin are appreciated-, and to protect oneself adequately when it is going to remain on the air free, it is necessary that the population is aware of the danger posed by the use of tanning booths.