The sexual behavior of young Spaniards has changed in the last decade, and now the average age at the beginning of sexual relations - which has been advanced - is at 15 years. From that age experts recommend that adolescents go regularly to the gynecologist to know all the risk factors of sexually transmitted diseases, and how to prevent their occurrence.
Mothers are usually the main source of information in this regard, because young patients feel uncomfortable when dealing with the issue of sexuality with the gynecologist. However, a recent survey conducted by Nielsen and Sanofi Pasteur MSD, which aimed to find out how and how often they talk about sexually transmitted diseases within the family, has revealed that only 48% of mothers talk with their teenage daughters on how to prevent such conditions.
According to this survey, the most talked about pathologies are AIDS / HIV (81-59%), cervical cancer (51%) and human papilloma virus (HPV) (40%). Precisely a very positive fact thrown by the survey is the extensive knowledge of HPV among Spanish mothers, since 9 out of 10 know that this virus is contracted through sexual contact. In addition, 82% of young Spanish women who do not talk with their parents about sex would like to know more about the prevention of HPV infection.
Only 48% of mothers talk with their teenage daughters about the prevention of sexually transmitted diseases.
Experts insist that the best preventive strategy against HPV is vaccination, and that the extension of the administration of this vaccine to girls - between 11 and 12 years old - will significantly reduce the incidence of one of the most common cancers. prevalent worldwide: cervical cancer. Currently in Spain vaccination coverage reaches 70.8% of girls.
HPV is also responsible for most cancers of the vagina, vulva, penis and anus, and other conditions such as genital warts, so many experts are recommending that males be vaccinated to control the spread of the virus and decrease the rate of infections.