The psychotherapy sessions they include relaxation techniques and new ways to stay active. If the improvement in the patient's quality of life is taken into account, psychotherapy is relatively cheaper than conventional treatment.
Researchers at the University of Warwick (United Kingdom) have conducted a study with 600 patients with chronic pain in the lower back, in which 400 received six sessions of cognitive-behavioral therapy used to treat mental disorders such as depression or the anxiety, of hour and average of duration. The aim of the sessions was to encourage attitude changes, focusing on the positive aspects.
Dr. Zara Hansen, who has collaborated in this research, explains that in the sessions relaxation techniques were practiced and new ways of staying active so that patients overcome the fear of getting hurt again.
The other 200 participants received the conventional treatment, in this case, a base of analgesics and physical rehabilitation. The results of the study, published in the last issue of the journal The Lancet, reveal that people who receive psychotherapy sessions are twice as likely to recover from their ailment, compared to those who receive conventional treatment.
It is a treatment that is based on the psychic or physical symptoms manifested by the individual and that generate discomfort, to favor a series of changes in the behavior of the patient that allow them to adapt to their environment and improve their health and well-being. to normalize their relations with others and their integration in society.
The researchers also analyzed the cost of both treatments and, taking into account the improvement in the patient's quality of life, concluded that psychotherapy was relatively cheaper. They emphasize that the importance of the finding is that the treatments for back pain used so far have not shown long-term efficacy.
Dr. Hansen states in this regard that the improvement of patients can be maintained up to a year after learning to manage their situation. In the opinion of the doctor, although pain in the lower back is a physical problem, it significantly influences the way in which the patient assumes it in order to control it adequately.
Back pain and stress
Stress favors the development of muscular contractures and, as a consequence, back pain appears. The nerve structures are stimulated with stress and the perception of pain intensifies. In addition, stress can favor a type of attitude towards pain that increases the risk of it occurring or prolonging it for a longer time. This attitude can be taken for different reasons:
- Negative posture to pain, believing that it will continue, incapacitating the patient and permanently diminishing their quality of life.
- Reduction of physical activity and abuse of symptomatic medication, due to fear of pain.
- Lack of self-confidence to handle the pain and disability that implies.
- Make doctors or other health professionals, family members, partners responsible for pain control ...