Pediatricians have observed that the number of children and adolescents afflicted by psychosocial pathologies is increasing, such as the'Emperor syndrome', which is characterized by the fact that the child adopts the role of abuser of their parents, and whose high incidence is a cause of concern for the specialists, who have included it among the topics discussed during the VII Annual Meeting of the Spanish Association of Pediatrics of Attention Primary (AEPap), which has been held in Guadalajara.

The pediatric professionals warn that there are different causes for the development of this type of disorders, such as genetic predisposition, and the influence of environmental factors and family environment, and point out that the lack of authority and affectivity of parents, overprotection of children and the abandonment of family functions are some of the problems that affect this type of domestic violence has multiplied by six in Spain in the last decade, with around 6,500 complaints in 2010.

The incidence of the 'emperor syndrome', which is characterized by the fact that the son adopts the role of abuser of his parents, has multiplied by six in Spain in the last decade

The president of the Spanish Association of Pediatrics of Primary Care of Castilla La Mancha (APapCLM), Dr. María Victoria García García-Calvo, believes that in recent years there have been substantial changes in the way to assume responsibilities in the family , and that many parents find it difficult to find a balance between affectivity and authority towards their children. In this regard, specialists advise that it is essential to establish norms and limits since children are small for a good coexistence in the home, and that this is not at all incompatible with affection.

The rules, in addition, must be explained to the child as soon as he can understand them, and we must congratulate him when he does things right and behaves correctly. And is that, according to experts, a greater involvement of parents in the education of their children, can prevent the emergence of psychosocial pathologies as they grow. This is why pediatricians advise parents to teach children to think before acting, give them responsibility, and say 'no' to them whenever necessary.

Source: Spanish Association of Pediatrics of Primary Attention (AEPap)

New Mental Disorders for Children & Adults, Psychiatry and DSM V (November 2019).