The consumption of extract of pomegranate helps to prevent the development of coronary endothelial dysfunction, which is related to pathologies such as arteriosclerosis or hypertension, according to scientists from the Cardiovascular Research Center (CSIC-ICCC) of the Hospital of Santa Creu i Sant Pau from Barcelona.
The investigation, which has published the Spanish Journal of Cardiology, concludes that the polyphenols Contains this fruit have a protective effect on the vascular endothelium that covers the inner side of the blood vessels and the heart, and that fulfills various vasoprotective functions, so when it deteriorates it is easier to accumulate fats in the walls of the arteries and that they narrow, with the consequent risk of suffering a cardiac episode.
The polyphenols present in the pomegranate extract exert an antioxidant effect that contributes to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and decreases oxidative stress
The study was carried out with animals, which were divided into two groups to be fed with two types of diet; the first group ate standard feed for pigs (normocholesterolemic diet), and the other a diet rich in saturated fats and cholesterol, with the aim of having cholesterol levels similar to those found in human dyslipidemia that cause endothelial dysfunction. In addition, a supplement of 625mg of pomegranate extract was administered daily to half of the animals in each group.
After ten days, the researchers carried out several analyzes that showed that the animals that had received the pomegranate extract together with the hypercholesterolemic diet had a vasodilator capacity similar to that of the control group (normocholesterolemic diet). They also observed that polyphenols exerted an antioxidant effect that contributes to the prevention of cardiovascular diseases and decreases oxidative stress.