The poliomyelitisan infectious disease that was considered eradicated, that can cause disability - one out of every 200 infections causes irreversible paralysis - and especially attacks children under the age of five, has reappeared in Somalia, where 105 new cases have already been registered, according to with the data offered by the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs.
This organism considers that it is the 'worst epidemic in the world', even though experts estimated that Somalia was 'polio-free' since 2007, and that in this country the disease is not endemic. In addition, last year there were only 223 cases in the world, compared to 350,000 that were detected in 1988, so it was considered eradicated by 99%.
Polio, which was considered to have been eradicated by 99%, has reappeared in Somalia, where 105 new cases have already been registered.
The difficult situation in Somalia, due to the lack of a central political authority and the constant disputes between groups of different ideologies, makes it very difficult to establish vaccination campaigns that reach the entire vulnerable population; thus, it has not been possible to vaccinate around 600,000 children who are at risk of contracting the virus.
The UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs warns that it is very likely that there are already thousands of people carrying the virus who, although they have no symptoms, can spread it. And in Kenya, where refugees live in unfortunate conditions more than half a million Somalis, new cases of polio have also been detected.