The periodontitis, an infection of the gums, has been pointed out by specialists as a risk factor for developing cardiovascular diseases, such as stroke, atherosclerosis, or myocardial infarction.
This oral disease is an infection of the gums that, if not treated properly, spreads to the ligaments and bone that support the teeth, which can fall. In addition, bacterial plaque and tartar build up and form pockets between the gums and teeth. Because of the infection, a significant amount of inflammatory mediators is released into the bloodstream, which can be deposited in various organs.
Only 14.8% of Spaniards between 35 and 44 have healthy gums
When these inflammatory mediators reach the coronary arteries they can mobilize the atheroma plaque and clog the artery, causing a heart attack. For this reason, experts have warned that periodontitis is not a mild condition, and that in addition to affecting a large part of the world's population and being the first cause of tooth loss, the bacteria involved in its appearance also intervene in the development of atherosclerotic lesions.
The Spanish Society of Periodontics and Osseointegration (SEPA) and the Spanish Society of Cardiology (SEC) have developed a guide -'Periodontal and Cardiovascular Pathology: its interrelation and implications for health'-, with the aim of informing on this topic to doctors of Primary Care and specialists.
These societies have explained that in our country it is necessary to establish preventive measures and a better treatment of periodontal pathology because only 14.8% of Spaniards between 35 and 44 years have healthy gums. Good oral hygiene and regular visits to the dentist are the most effective measures to prevent the onset of periodontitis.