Christmas festivities can negatively affect our health if we do not take care of food during celebrations, and this is particularly necessary for those suffering from diseases such as hypertension or diabetes, or any other disorder in which the type of diet influences the course of the illness.
This type of pathologies are very frequent among people over 65 years old old. In this population sector, more than half suffer from hypertension (52%), almost a third suffer hypercholesterolemia, 15% have osteoporosis and 12% are affected by constipation or hemorrhoids. For this reason, from the Spanish Society of Geriatrics and Gerontology (SEGG) warn that the elderly must take precautions to prevent any of these problems from worsening.
Recommendations of the SEGG for the correct feeding of the elderly
- The diet must be varied and appealing.
- It is better to eat several times throughout the day in small quantities to digest food better. It is best to take five meals as regularly as possible: breakfast, a mid-morning lunch, lunch, snack and dinner.
- Foods should be prepared in such a way that they are easy to chew because older people often lack a piece of tooth or carry prostheses.
- Take care of hydration and drink even if there is no feeling of thirst, because when it appears it is a sign of dehydration. You have to drink a minimum of two liters of liquid per day, although in addition to water you can take natural juices, infusions, milk, broths ...
- Minimize your salt intake and drink sugar in moderation, as long as you do not suffer from any pathology that contraindicates your consumption.
- During the celebrations, remember that you should not consume more than one or two glasses of wine, and that the menus should be adapted to your personal needs.
- Eat accompanied when possible.