In the framework of the celebration of the 'World Day of Osteoporosis', specialists have wanted to highlight the serious implications of this pathology, which currently is not given enough importance, although it affects 200 million people in all the world, and is the cause of a vertebral fracture every 22 seconds.
Only in Spain, in 2010, 30,000 vertebral fractures were diagnosed, and this taking into account that this type of injury does not cause symptoms, so, according to Dr. Luis Arboleya, spokesman of the Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER) and rheumatologist of the Central University Hospital of Asturias (Oviedo), there may be twice as many people with undiagnosed vertebral fractures.
80% of those affected do not follow a treatment, nor take precautions such as practicing physical exercise, including calcium-rich foods in their daily diet, and avoiding tobacco and alcohol
This specialist has warned about the lack of necessary measures to prevent the onset of this pathology and also that, once the disease is diagnosed, there is no appropriate follow-up of the patients that would prevent them from suffering new fractures. In fact, he points out that up to 80% of those affected do not follow a treatment or take precautions such as practicing moderate physical exercise regularly, include foods rich in calcium and vitamin D in their daily diet, and avoid tobacco and alcohol intake.
The International Osteoporosis Foundation has conducted a study in our country, which has concluded that about 1.6 million women and 438,000 men suffer from osteoporosis, and that 3.8 million women and 2 million men have osteopenia, a condition that is milder than osteoporosis but also increases the risk of suffering a fracture, so even if they do not need medication, they should adopt healthy habits as indicated above (exercise, calcium consumption, eliminate harmful habits such as tobacco and alcohol ...) to promote the health of your bones.
The aim of the pharmacological treatment of osteoporosis is to stop the loss of bone mass and, in some cases, to increase the bone density of the patient. However, another problem faced by specialists is that only 21% of patients diagnosed follow the treatment, while the rest leave, possibly because it is a chronic disease that does not manifest symptoms or cause death of those affected. For this reason, they insist on the need to disclose the consequences that can be derived from therapeutic non-compliance, in order to make patients aware of the need to continue with treatment.
Source: Spanish Society of Rheumatology (SER)