It is undoubtedly the citrus par excellence, with more than 300 varieties accounted, and more 30 tons produced every year in the world. Although it is in winter, with the drop in temperatures, when its multiple benefits make it especially recommended. Nutritionally they suppose an important contribution of vitamin C, in addition to other vitamins and minerals.
In addition, orange contains about 170 types of photochemical and 60 flavonoids, helpful elements for the body, especially for the heart. It can also help us defend against infections, fight against cholesterol and high blood pressure and, of course, fill us with energy.
Although, as we say, is the protagonist of the fruit in winter, its multiple varieties with different properties of sweetness and texture allow it to be consumed during the rest of the year, since depending on the type of orange also varies the period in which it is collected, that covers from the month of October to the spring and, even, the summer.
In this way, we find that each season of the year is ideal for certain varieties of orange. That is why experts recommend knowing them well to choose each variety at the optimum moment of madruación, in order to maximize their qualities. Here are some of the most important ones.
Varieties of oranges
It is one of the most productive and most cultivated orange types. Its taste is very sweet, so it is ideal for dessert. It is the variety most resistant to cold, and can be harvested from October to mid-February. They are medium sized, slightly oval or round, with a very juicy pulp and without seeds, and the skin of intense orange color when it is ripe.
Recognized as the most important variety in the world, and cultivated in many places, it produces high quality juices thanks to its large amount of juice and its sweet taste and intense color. It is one of the oranges that later mature, between March and July. It is a sweet orange variety that began to spread in Spain in the first half of the twentieth century, medium to large in size, with a slightly elongated to spherical shape, a thin and smooth skin.
It is a type of bitter orange that is grown in our country and is used mainly in the preparation of jam. Its existence has been known for centuries and it is a fruit of medium to large size, spherical, sometimes somewhat flattened and depressed at the ends. Its pulp is juicy and has many seeds. The skin is rough, thick and irregular in texture. When it is ripe it has an intense orange color. The Sevilla Amarga is collected during the months of January and February in Seville and Malaga. Due to its bitterness and acidity it is not consumed naturally, but it is intended especially for jams.
Although similar to the Valencia Late, it is a slightly more acid orange. It is grown almost exclusively in Brazil (it is usually harvested at Christmas), and it is a very important variety for making juices. It presents a quality fruit, with few seeds, thin skin (something green even when it is already ripe) and tender and juicy pulp. It presents ideal conditions for conservation and transport. Its fruit can stay several months in the tree maintaining all its qualities.