According to data provided by the Spanish Confederation of Families of Deaf People (FIAPAS) it is estimated that every year around 2,000 families detect that their children suffer from some kind of auditory disorder, and about 500 of these children suffer from profound deafness.
Taking into account that one in every thousand babies presents a more or less pronounced hearing loss from the moment of birth, and that in half of the cases it is difficult to appreciate the symptoms, in 2003 the Ministry of Health and Autonomous Communities they implanted a Early Detection of Deafness Program in all Spanish hospitals, which aims to identify possible hearing disorders from the first days of the child's life.
Some factors increase the chances of the child developing deafness, such as presenting a congenital malformation that affects hearing ability, family history of hearing loss in childhood, or that the mother has suffered intrauterine infections in pregnancy
The specialists agree on the importance of an early diagnosis that makes it possible to begin the treatment of hearing loss as soon as possible and to favor the adequate development of the patient's capacities. It is necessary that parents remain alert to manifestations that indicate the possibility that the child suffers from an auditory disorder; thus, if they observe that they have a delay in the development of the language in comparison with other children of their age, if they believe that their capacity for attention and concentration are scarce, or do not respond adequately to the sound stimuli, it is convenient that they consult it with the pediatrician.
Some factors may increase the chances of the child developing deafness, such as having a congenital malformation that affects hearing, that one of his family members has had hearing loss during childhood, or that the mother has suffered intrauterine infections during pregnancy, between others. Certain endocrine pathologies, such as hypothyroidism, can also influence the occurrence of hearing loss.
Children may also suffer from temporary hearing loss due to excess earwax or an ear infection, such as otitis media. If this happens, you should go immediately to a specialist to assess the problem and establish the appropriate treatment.