Suffer obesity along with other risk factors such as high blood pressure, hypercholesterolemia, diabetes, the use of medications to fight any of these conditions, or have low 'good' cholesterol, all of which are characteristics of the condition known as metabolic syndrome-, can result in a more rapid deterioration of cognitive abilities than that which occurs in people of the same age but who do not have these disorders.
A study that has evaluated for 10 years to 6,401 people, with an average age of 50 years, has found that obese participants who also had a metabolic disorder-defined by presenting two or more of the aforementioned risk factors-suffered a decrease 22.5% faster in the results of the cognitive tests to which they were subjected than those whose weight was normal and who did not have metabolic disorders.
The obese who also had a metabolic disorder suffered a 22.5% faster decrease in the results of cognitive tests than people with normal and metabolically healthy weight
The authors of the research, whose results have been published in the journal of the American Academy of Neurology, 'Neurology', took into account the body mass index (BMI) of the volunteers, as well as other risk factors, and performed them memory tests and others that determined their cognitive capacity, three times a week, during the ten years that the study lasted.
The researchers warn that the cognitive decline of obese people who did not present any metabolic alteration - although to a lesser extent - is also accelerated, so they warn that excess weight, even in metabolically healthy individuals, should not be underestimated and is It is necessary to adopt preventive measures to avoid the appearance of other risk factors.