Experts point out that the breakfast is the most important meal of the day, and the key role it plays in the daily diet is now confirmed thanks to a new study, conducted in the United States, which concludes that not having breakfast increases the risk of suffering a myocardial infarction by 27%.
There were already previous studies that showed, for example, that adolescents who skip breakfast are more likely to have higher cholesterol levels and a greater accumulation of abdominal fat, considered risk factors for developing cardiovascular disease.
Leah E. Carhill, who has directed the new work, has explained that other investigations, although they were small trials, and with a limited follow-up of the health of the participants, had also associated the fact of not eating more likely to suffer disorders such as hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, overweight or diabetes that, in the long run, impair coronary health.
Other studies have already associated not having breakfast with a higher risk of hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, overweight or diabetes that, in the long run, impair coronary health
This research, published in the Circulation, a journal of the American Heart Association, included almost 27,000 men, aged between 45 and 82 years old, who worked in the health field. which was followed for a period of 16 years (1992-2008). At the end of the study, 1,572 participants had suffered a myocardial infarction.
To evaluate the data and draw conclusions, in addition to the frequency of their daily meals, the researchers took into account other risk factors, from the type of diet, to the physical exercise they performed, and found that men who did not have breakfast had up to 27% more risk of suffering a coronary episode compared to those who did this meal.
Although the study included only men, 97% of them white and descendants of Europeans, the researchers believe that the results obtained could be extrapolated to women and other ethnic groups, although this should be proven in future research.
Cahill recommends breakfast every day, and incorporate various types of food, such as cereals and fruits, to this meal to ensure that an adequate supply of nutrients is achieved, which provide enough energy to start the day in a healthy way.