The nap It is a Spanish custom on which numerous international studies have been carried out, which have demonstrated its benefits for health in general, and for the brain in particular. Now, a group of experts from the dream of University of Massachusetts in Amherst (USA), he has discovered that taking a nap improves the learning capacity and the memory of Preschoolers.
The researchers conducted a study with 40 children from six preschools spread across western Massachusetts, and showed them a visual-spatial task similar to memory tests. In the game, the children saw a grid of images and had to remember where the various images were.
The tests were conducted under two different conditions: after taking a nap -with an average duration of 77 minutes-, and without sleeping. In addition, the game was tested again the next day to check whether nighttime sleep affected performance.
After taking a nap the children were able to remember 10% more of the points of the memory test
The experts found that children forgot a significant number of item locations in the memory test when they had not napped-65% accuracy-compared to what happened when they had slept -75% accuracy-what which indicates that after the nap the little ones were able to remember 10% more of the points of the test than when they were awake.
According to the results, the authors of the work conclude that when the child does not take a nap, the night's sleep does not allow to recover the lost benefit. In the opinion of these researchers, the political authorities should establish measures for children to nap in the nursery classrooms, and encourage them to sleep by creating a favorable environment for the rest of the children, with the aim of improving their learning capacity .