Most of the serious diseases that are related to pregnancy are caused by localized infections in the urinary or genital tract and soft tissues, or by those associated with an abortion. In economically disadvantaged countries, infections in pregnancy are the main cause of death of the pregnant woman and, in many cases, can also cause the death of the fetus and even the newborn baby.

However, data obtained in new research conducted by US scientists, and published in 'PloS Medicine', indicate that these diseases can almost always be prevented and treated effectively.

In low and middle income countries infections in pregnancy are the main cause of death of the mother, and may also affect the fetus or baby

The researchers analyzed studies that had previously been published and that contained information on infections in pregnant women, and focused mainly on those studies conducted in Africa and Asia, to determine what would be the best strategies to detect and address these infections.

The authors of the work have explained that they have been able to identify four clinical syndromes and their associated pathogens, responsible for the appearance of infections in the genital tract, the urinary tract, soft tissues, and infections related to abortion, which are the most common infections. frequent during pregnancy in women living in low and middle income countries. In addition, they add that each of these disorders occur at a time other than pregnancy, which makes it easier to detect and prevent.

Therefore, researchers have recommended that in the prenatal care services of these countries are scheduled interventions to control this type of infection, in addition to facilitating access for all pregnant women to diagnostic tests and appropriate treatments, in order to reduce the morbidity associated with pregnancy.

2nd Trimester Q&A with Belly to Baby (November 2019).