The influenza A pandemic caused by the H1N1 virus that occurred in 2009, has resulted in an increase of 10% in mortality among population groups that have risk factors that make them more vulnerable to contracting this type of infection, and which also present greater difficulties in combating them effectively.
This is the conclusion reached by a group of researchers belonging to the Spanish Society of Intensive Medicine (SEMICYUC), the CIBER of respiratory diseases (CIBERES), and the Spanish Center for Infection Research (REIPI), after conducting a study , published in Critical Care, comparing the data of the 2009 pandemic, with those obtained in patients treated during 2010 and 2011 in 148 intensive care units (ICU) that have participated in the research.
Dr. Ignacio Martín Loeches, who has coordinated the study, believes that the increase in the number of deaths observed may be due to the fact that the patients treated in the ICU were, in most cases, elderly people, who also suffered from other pathologies that increased your risk
Researchers advise that preventive measures disseminated at the time, so that the diagnosis is made as soon as possible and there are no delays in the treatment
The specialist stresses that the results of the study show that it is necessary to remain alert to H1N1, and believes that the population is not sufficiently aware of its danger for groups considered at risk, which may explain why the evolution after the pandemic has not been good
For this reason, the researchers advise that the prevention measures disseminated at the time be adopted, so that the diagnosis is made as soon as possible and there are no delays in the treatment. In addition, they propose that educational programs be developed to inform the population, and recommend that health professionals be alert to any sign that indicates the possibility of treating influenza A, to reduce mortality.
Among his proposals, they emphasize that a test is carried out, and the empirical antiviral treatment and establish measures to control the infection, in the case of those patients who have been diagnosed with a respiratory infection or pneumonia, or when they have a fever and present symptoms during the time when there are more cases of influenza seasonal.