The number of morbidly obese it has doubled in Spain in the last five years, and now there are more than one million Spaniards suffering from morbid obesity. Experts estimate that over 53% of the Spanish population is overweight and 14.5% is obese. According to Dr. Antonio Torres, president of the National Society of Surgery of Morbid Obesity and Metabolic Diseases, this disease "threatens to become the epidemic of the 21st century".

For this expert, the solution to this disorder requires an intervention through the bariatric surgery. Every year about 70,000 surgical procedures are performed for this cause in Europe, with Spain leading the countries with the highest number of surgeries performed, along with France, Belgium, Luxembourg and the United Kingdom.

People with morbid obesity, that is, those with a body mass index (BMI) above 40 or above 35 with associated diseases, have reduced their life expectancy between 10 and 15 years, depending on the age of the person. beginning of this disorder, since it involves frequent complications. In addition, diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, hyperlipidemia, cholelithiasis and sleep apnea "appear three times more in people with obesity", while coronary artery disease, osteoarthritis and gout are doubled.

In the last decade, bariatric surgery has advanced enormously and the techniques used are increasingly safe and effective, as well as less invasive for the patient. However, the great variety of options that exist oblige the specialists to make an adequate selection of the type of intervention according to the individual characteristics of each patient.

"In total, it is estimated that between 6,000 and 7,000 bariatric surgery operations are performed every year in Spain, the only curative solution for this type of patient: bariatric surgery is not a surgery that improves only the aesthetic, it is an intervention that allows treat a serious disease and that, therefore, should be practiced by surgeons specialized in the management of obesity ", Dr. Torres has concluded.


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