People with morbid obesity have a life expectancy between five and twelve years less than those whose weight is considered normal (those with a body mass index between 18.5 and 24.9), according to Dr. Albert Lecube, coordinator of the Obesity Working Group of the Spanish Society of Endocrinology and Nutrition (GOSEEN).
This lower longevity is directly related to the age of onset of obesity, since the sooner the excess weight appears, the more likely that person develops other pathologies associated with overweight such as diabetes, sleep apnea, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, disorders cardiovascular diseases, and even rheumatic diseases such as osteoarthritis and gout. Obesity also increases the risk of suffering from some types of cancer, such as breast cancer or colon cancer.
Morbid obesity, explains Dr. Lecube, has even more serious and immediate consequences and people who suffer from it have a higher risk of developing the aforementioned pathologies, and in their case it is also more difficult to control these diseases and their associated complications.
80% of the Spanish population consumes almost double the amount of saturated fats recommended in the daily diet
Excess weight, which has become a public health problem worldwide due to its high incidence -In Spain 62% of the adult population is overweight-, has its origin in a sedentary lifestyle and an inadequate diet, characterized by a excess saturated fats.
According to the National Survey of Spanish Dietary Intake (ENIDE), which has been conducted by the Spanish Agency for Food Safety and Nutrition (AESAN), in our country 80% of the population consumes almost twice the amount of saturated fat recommended in the diet daily, which should not exceed 7% of the total food intake, and yet reach 12%. In addition, more than half of Spaniards (54%) admit that they do not follow a balanced diet, and only 38% say they eat fruit every day.
Experts recommend changing bad habits, and learn to eat, with a return to traditional food and ensuring that approximately half of the food we consume daily is of vegetable origin. It is also important not to exceed the size of the rations, and divide the food into several intakes per day.
Despite the poor data obtained in the recent studies on eating habits, specialists point out that there is a growing concern of the population to consume healthy products and, in fact, 75% of consumers are now more concerned about their diet. what they did five years ago.
Source: Spanish Society of Community Nutrition (SENC)