Metabolic syndrome and one of its associated complications, being overweight, diminish a woman's chances to stay pregnant, and is a risk factor for infertility, because insulin resistance is related to the chronic hyperandrogenic anovulation, a disorder that causes infertility in eight out of ten women who suffer from it.
Another gynecological pathology that can cause infertility and that is also associated with obesity and, consequently, the metabolic syndrome, is the micropoliquist ovarian syndrome.
The possibility of achieving a pregnancy in the case of women with obesity decreases by 5% for each unit of Body mass index (BMI) higher than 29, according to an investigation whose data publishes the magazine 'Human Reproduction'. The study also reveals that a BMI greater than 24 - which is not yet considered overweight - is related to a lower oocyte quality, lower implantation rate and higher risk of miscarriage.
Overweight women also get worse results when they undergo assisted reproduction techniques, although obesity does not affect the quality of the embryos, once pregnancy is achieved
Therefore, specialists from the National Association of Assisted Reproduction Clinics (ANACER) recommend overweight women -especially those with a BMI greater than 30-, who are informed about the difficulties they may have to conceive, as well as about the potential risks of pregnancy in your case.
Women who are overweight also get worse results when they undergo assisted reproduction techniques, although obesity does not affect the quality of the embryos, once pregnancy is achieved. But obesity also favors the appearance of complications during pregnancy; thus, as Dr. Florentino Garrido, vice president of ANACER, points out, in some countries such as New Zealand access to assisted reproduction treatments is prevented for women with a BMI higher than 32.
Dr. Garrido advises that women with overweight problems who want to have a baby should modify their lifestyle and adopt appropriate dietary guidelines, following a balanced diet. It is also important that these patients are placed in the hands of a multidisciplinary team of medical professionals, which includes, together with specialists in assisted reproduction, endocrinologists, internists and psychologists if necessary.