The lupus it is a chronic disease of variable course in which there are forms that barely modify survival (non-aggressive forms), to forms that develop rapidly and endanger the patient's life. Most often, it is presented with an intermittent course, with exacerbations and remissions. Sometimes it is difficult to determine if the patient has a reactivation of the disease, another disease added, or a complication of the treatment.
During the last 20 years the survival of patients with lupus has been increased linearly, thanks to the earlier diagnosis and the treatments used, so that currently survival is over 75% at ten years after the onset of symptoms.
The factors that most influence the prognosis of the disease are renal function, the presence of anemia and the involvement of the central nervous system. In such a way that the most frequent causes of death are infections, renal failure and neurological injuries.
Advice for patients with lupus
From the Spanish Society of Rheumatology remember that to improve the prognosis and quality of the patient with lupus, it is advisable to put into practice some tips to control the effects of this chronic disease. For this, it is fundamental:
- Dispense with habits as unhealthy as smoking or excessive consumption of alcohol.
- Control cardiovascular risk factors.
- Keep the vaccination calendar updated, taking into account that these patients should avoid live virus vaccines.
- Follow a balanced diet and perform daily physical exercise, following the recommendations of your rheumatologist.