Around 57 million people died worldwide during 2008, and the first cause of death that year was the ischemic heart disease, which caused 7.25 million deaths, 12.8 percent of the total. This follows from the latest report on the 10 leading causes of death in the world, published on Tuesday by the World Health Organization (WHO).

Ischemic heart disease is followed, as the main causes of death, stroke and other Cerebrovascular diseases, with 6.15 million deaths - 10.8% of the total - and the respiratory infections of low roads, which killed 3.46 million people and accounted for 6.1% of the total deaths worldwide.

Fourth in this list are COPD, with 3.28 million deaths (5.8%); fifth, diarrhea, with 2.46 million deaths (4.3%); in sixth position HIV / AIDS, with 1.78 million deaths (3.1%) and, in eighth place, cancers of the lung, trachea and bronchi, with 1.39 million deaths (2.4%).

The last positions in the list of the main causes of death are tuberculosis, with 1.34 million deaths (2.4%); diabetes mellitus, which caused 1.26 million deaths (2.2%) and, in tenth place, the traffic accidents, with 1.21 million (2.1%).

Tobacco is responsible for the death of almost one in 10 adults around the world.

According to the WHO, smoking is presented as the main cause of the appearance of a large number of diseases that have caused the death of more people around the world, such as cardiovascular diseases, COPD, or lung cancer. In total, tobacco is responsible for the death of almost one in 10 adults worldwide.

Differences between rich and poor also in deaths

In low-income countries, the leading causes of death were respiratory diseases, with 1.05 million deaths (11.3%); diarrhea, with 760,000 deaths (8.2%) and HIV / AIDS, with 720,000 deaths (7.8%). Ischemic heart disease occupies fourth place in this list, with 570,000 deaths (6.1%), and malaria the fifth position, with 480,000 deaths (5.2%).

In rich countries, ischemic heart disease is the leading cause of death, with 1.42 million deaths (15.6%), followed by stroke and other cerebrovascular diseases, with 790,000 deaths (8.7%) and cancers of trachea, lung and bronchi, which were behind 540,000 deaths in 2008 (5.9%). The fourth cause of death were Alzheimer's and other dementias, with 370,000 deaths (4.1%).

"In countries with higher incomes, more than two thirds of the population lives beyond the age of 70 and they tend to die, above all, from chronic diseases such as cardiovascular disease, COPD, cancer, diabetes or dementia. they are still the only major infection that causes deaths, "says the study.

On the other hand, in countries with lower incomes, "less than one in five people reach 70 years, and more than a third of all deaths are children who have not reached the age of 15." In these places, according to the report, "the population dies especially of infectious diseases, such as lung infections, diarrhea, HIV / AIDS, tuberculosis or malaria."

"Complications in pregnancy and childbirth continue to be the main causes of death in these countries, ending the lives of both children and their mothers," says the report, which recalls that more than 8 million deaths recorded in 2008 they were under five years old, of which 99% were registered in low and middle income countries.


Heart Disease Prevention: What You Need to Know (November 2019).