Experts bet on the "general intellectual activity", such as reading books or doing physical exercise, to keep "alive" the stem cells that exist in the brain "all of life" and make it possible "not to deplete neurons" thus achieving a "healthy" aging.

This has been highlighted by the professor of Cell Biology and discoverer of the existence of stem cells in the brain, José M. García Verdugo, during his participation in a conference at the Complexo Universitario Hospitalario de Santiago (CHUS), in which he has been accompanied by the professor of physiology and former Socialist Minister of Health, Bernat Soria.

In the day, both experts have exposed the new "research channels" opened after the discovery "neurogenesis"or existence of stem cells in the brain", a fact that, according to García Verdugo, "has changed the way in which the functioning of the brain will be understood in the coming years".

According to José M. García Verdugo, these neurons "are fundamental" for learning and memory, so "keeping them alive throughout life" is the prelude to a "healthy aging".

In this regard, he has indicated that the discovery of neurogenesis "opens hope" in the investigation of neural diseases with a view to "the future". Thus, he has indicated that "the question now" is to know how you can dialogue with these cells so that they "do not exhaust".

In this sense, the professor in Cell Biology has assured that "if a continuous activity is not carried out" this type of cells "die", so they end up "exhausting" the stem cells that have to replace those that have died.

Asked about auspicious habits for neuronal regeneration, García Verdugo has indicated that intellectual activity favors neuronal regeneration, but also "physical" regeneration.

"The activity that a farmer can do, keeping his plantation, studying the amount of water he has to put ... is an intellectual activity, during its development it starts all the mechanisms of the brain, since it needs coordination", he detailed.

Clinical trials in diseases

Dr. García Verdugo has also assured that there are clinical trials in diseases such as Parkinson's in which the effects of the regeneration of cells in the brain are analyzed.

These neurons "are fundamental" for learning and memory, so "keeping them alive" is the prelude to a "healthy aging"

As he pointed out, in these investigations, on the one hand, "attempts are made to activate the cells", while also introducing cells that can replace those that have died and give rise to a "microenvironment" that allows "those who do not continue to die neurons that have overcome the crisis of diseases such as Parkinson's or sclerosis. "

Bernat Soria, who participates in several of these clinical trials, has added that in strokes or strokes this type of stem cells are used as "anti-inflammatory" that "prevent inflammation from continuing", and has indicated that studies show that, In the short term, "it is possible that at the end of that inflammation there may be some regeneration".

Technology and Health: Aging Safely and More Independently (November 2019).