Although we may believe that it is a disease of the past, tuberculosis continues to be war. Actually, more than ever in history, since the numbers of those affected far from growing increase every year. According to the latest data published by the Spanish Epidemiological Surveillance Network (February 2009), 6,131 cases of respiratory tuberculosis were reported in our country. In fact, tuberculosis ranks as the third mandatory disease in incidence, according to the latest data for 2009 from the National Epidemiology Center; only overcome by the flu and chicken pox.
Dr. Juan Ruiz Manzano, president of SEPAR, says that "the fight against tuberculosis, which is perhaps one of the oldest and still not overcome diseases, involves a fight not only scientific in the improvement of treatments, diagnosis and prevention but also social ". A study conducted by the Spanish Society of Pulmonology and Thoracic Surgery, SEPAR, through the Integrated Program for Tuberculosis Research (PII), shows a considerable increase in cases of tuberculosis in immigrants reached 30% of the global. Catalonia remains at the head of cases declared in Spain, specifically in Barcelona, a city that receives a significant influx of immigrants, the percentage of cases in immigrant has gone from 5% to 50% from 1995 to 2008.
According to a report issued by the European Center for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) of the European Union, with data referring to 2009, Spain registers 16.6 cases of tuberculosis per 100,000 inhabitants, followed by Great Britain with a rate of 14.8 . With this rate, Spain is in eighth place after Romania (108.2), Lithuania (62.1), Latvia (43.2), Bulgaria (38.3), Estonia (30.7), Portugal (27) and Poland (21.6). Regarding the same data referring to 2006, Spain ranked ninth in Hungary, a country that now registers a rate of 14.4 cases per 100,000 inhabitants.
However, these figures should be considered with reservations, because although tuberculosis is a notifiable disease, it is estimated that at least a third of cases are not notified.