According to data from the "Alergológica 2005" report, prepared by the Spanish Society of Allergology and Clinical Immunology (SEAIC), more than one million children under 18 suffer from asthma in Spain, a pathology that is considered the most common chronic childhood disease around the world.
The World Allergy Organization (WAO) is launching an information campaign aimed at raising awareness among the population about the relevance of childhood asthma and the need to adequately control and treat this condition since the first symptoms appear. This campaign is accompanied by the motto "Childhood Asthma: A Global Problem". In Spain different activities will be carried out in Hospitals of Madrid, Barcelona and Bilbao, directed by allergists of the SEAIC. The president of the Society, Dr. Tomás Chivato, points out that although many guidelines have been published and many recommendations have been made on the best ways to control asthma, there are still many patients who are undiagnosed or untreated.
The expert warns that not properly handle the asthma of affected children has negative consequences on their social and family life, in addition to raising health costs. According to Dr. Chivato, an early diagnosis is essential to improve the long-term prognosis of the disease.
Dr. Tomás Chivato explains that it is a disease of the respiratory system with a high incidence among the smallest. Asthma can appear at any age, but symptoms often begin during the first five years of life and, in 25 percent of cases, before the baby reaches its first year.
The specialist states that children who have a family history of allergy, and those who suffer conditions such as atopic dermatitis, food allergies (especially eggs), or who have suffered frequent viral infections during early childhood, or have been exposed to tobacco smoke (especially if the mother is a smoker), have more chances of developing asthma.
Finally, he comments on the important role exercised by physical exercise in the child with asthma, since in addition to improving their physical condition and tolerance to exercise, the attacks provoked by the effort they make are reduced or weaker. They handle asthmatic crises better, and help to reduce the anxiety caused by the attacks. If the illness is treated correctly, the child will be able to participate in all those sports activities and games of his age.