A recent study has shown that approximately one third of the Spanish population has a deficit of vitamin D, and this despite living in one of the countries with more hours of sunshine in Europe. However, in winter, with the decrease of sunlight hours, it is more difficult to expose to the sun the time recommended by experts to maintain adequate levels of vitamin D.

Vitamin D is essential because it helps the body absorb calcium properly and therefore promotes the maintenance of bone mineral density and prevents osteoporosis, a condition that causes the progressive weakening of bones and the consequent appearance of fractures . The arrival of cold, also, invites you to stay at home or in closed spaces, which favors sedentary lifestyle, another natural enemy of our bones.

It should increase, especially in winter, the consumption of foods such as blue fish, cereals, and milk and dairy products that have been enriched with vitamin D

Experts warn that this is especially dangerous in the case of women who have reached menopause, since it has been detected that almost 64% of Spanish women in this situation lack adequate levels of vitamin D, which makes them particularly susceptible to develop osteoporosis. Therefore recommend that, especially in winter, the consumption of foods rich in this vitamin, such as blue Fish (sardines, tuna, salmon, mackerel, anchovy ...), cereals, and milk and dairy products that have been enriched with vitamin D, and that this is accompanied by the regular practice of physical exercise.

As explained by Dr. María Gea Brugada, a specialist in osteoporosis, calcium and vitamin D are vital to protect the health of our bones, and with simple measures such as controlling that the diet provides a sufficient amount of these nutrients and avoiding a sedentary lifestyle and the consumption of alcohol and tobacco, we can contribute to prevent the diseases that deteriorate them.

Source: NUSA (Nutrition and Health)

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