The incorporation of diagnostic imaging to detect diseases of the retina it has allowed to improve the treatment of these pathologies, and also the control of the evolution of patients and the prognosis of the disease in the medium term.
As explained by Dr. Juan Donate, Head of the ophthalmology service of Clínica La Luz, during the 'V Course of Diagnostic Imaging in Retinal Pathology', this type of diagnostic tests are responsible for the advances that have been implemented for treat retinal problems
The Optical Coherence Tomography is a non-invasive and very precise test, to the point of allowing to observe and analyze the optic nerve and all the layers of the retina to know the patient's disease in depth, as well as its origin. After obtaining images of the retina of great resolution, they can be treated in the computer to obtain images in three dimensions, and their study is very useful for the diagnosis and monitoring of various ophthalmological diseases.
People with diabetes, hypertension, or some cardiovascular disorder, are more likely to develop diseases of the retina
The expert has also pointed out that the metabolic disorders are the main risk factors for suffering the most prevalent retinal pathologies, so people with diabetes, hypertension, or a cardiovascular disorder are more likely to develop these diseases.
Currently, and according to Dr. Donate, the main treatment to combat retinal diseases are the intravitreal injections, which are used for example in the treatment of macular degeneration associated with age, and laser therapies are also available. However, he insists that the main thing is prevention, and warns that the Diabetic retinopathy It is the second cause of blindness in Spain, and that all diabetics throughout their lives will suffer some retinal problem.