A level of HDL cholesterol - the "good" cholesterol - lower than what is advisable (<40 mg / dl in men and <50 mg / dl in women) facilitates the development of metabolic syndrome and, therefore, cardiovascular disease and diabetes mellitus type 2 -the most frequent-, according to the data obtained in a study carried out by six Spanish hospitals, with the participation of the Department of Medicine of the University of Valencia and Abbot Healthcare, and that published in the 'Revista Española de Cardiología', published by the Spanish Society of Cardiology.

The research reveals that the metabolic syndrome has a high incidence among people affected by ischemic heart disease, especially in the case of women, and that the disorders that appear most frequently in these patients are a low level of HDL-C, hyperglycemia and arterial hypertension.

Specifically, more than half of the 574 patients evaluated in the study had metabolic syndrome, 85% hyperglycemia, and 80% had a low level of HDL-C. The researchers also observed that in the sample of diabetic patients, the main factor was low HDL-C, which was also present in 86% of non-diabetic patients, so they consider it the irrigation factor most important in the development of metabolic syndrome.

To increase the 'good' cholesterol it is necessary to modify the lifestyle: stop smoking, eat a balanced diet and exercise

Antonio Hernández Mijares, coordinator of the study and head of the Endocrinology service of the Doctor Peset University Hospital in Valencia, explains that although the treatments with statins have managed to reduce bad cholesterol to reach the recommended values, cardiovascular diseases continue to be very prevalent, mainly because of the low levels of good cholesterol that the population has. For this reason, the expert warns that, in the absence of medicines able to increase the levels of 'good' cholesterol, it is necessary that citizens modify their lifestyle, following a balanced diet, practicing physical exercise regularly and, of course, quitting smoking.

Source: EUROPE PRESS

LDL and HDL Cholesterol | Good and Bad Cholesterol | Nucleus Health (November 2019).