About five million people coexist with diabetes in Spain, a figure that represents approximately twelve percent of the population. These people have a risk 25 times greater than the general population of losing one of the most precious senses: vision. Therefore, the General Council of Schools of Opticians-Optometrists, on the occasion of World Diabetes Day, makes a special call for diabetics to become aware of the essential that are periodic reviews, since early detection and treatment can limit the possibility of vision loss.

Early detection and treatment can limit the possibility of vision loss

But the periodic reviews are not only useful to detect the ocular complications of diabetes (diabetic retinopathy, cataracts, glaucoma, macular edema, detachment of the retina), but also, they can be key to detect diabetes itself, just like warns the President of the General Council of Opticians and Optometrists Colleges, Juan Carlos Martínez Moral: "Sometimes the first signs of diabetes are discovered during a routine eye exam."

Reviews, according to the life stage

To detect in time the possible ocular complications of people with diabetes, it is advisable to carry out eye examinations according to the vital stage:

  • Between ten and 29 years old, a complete examination should be performed, at least, between three and five years after the diagnosis of diabetes, and then once a year.
  • Those over thirty years they should go to the specialist at the time of diagnosis of diabetes and, subsequently, once a year.
  • Pregnant women in pre-diabetic state they must undergo an ocular revision before becoming pregnant and during the first trimester of pregnancy.
  • Diabetic people with ocular complications they should be examined more frequently.

Source: General Council of Colleges of Opticians-Optometrists

Diabetic Eye Exam (November 2019).